Go to book Desertification

The death of Iran's 'Dead Sea'

Climate change makes a Giant Lake in Iran Dissappear

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The desertification in northwestern Iran becomes more serious problem. Frequent drought conditions, climate change, government planning are to blame.

Lake Urmia, in the northwestern corner of Iran, is one of the largest permanent hypersaline lakes in the world, and the largest lake in the Middle East. Like the famous Aral Sea between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan and the Salton Sea in California, the salty expanse of Lake Urmia in Iran has been drying up and shrinking for decades.

ESA

Lake Urmia, 2016

ESA

Lake Urmia, 1989

UNEP

Lake Urmia surface elevation