On October 29, 2012, Hurricane Sandy made landfall in the northeast United States.
Several elements converged to give the storm its devastating impact. In what was so far the hottest year in recorded US history, rising temperatures at the ocean’s surface intensified the hurricane’s strength and magnitude. One thousand miles in diameter when it descended upon the shore, Sandy pummeled coastal and inland communities with 80-mile-per-hour winds, while the slow-moving eye of the storm dragged out the duration of the assault. Meanwhile, a full moon meant that the tide of the sea was higher than average, adding volume to the water at the land’s edge and increasing the storm’s surge levels to catastrophic proportions.